It's common to have things numbered “per chapter” (for example, in
the standard book and
report classes, figures, tables
and footnotes are all numbered thus). The process of resetting is
done automatically, when the “master” counter is stepped (when the
\chapter command that starts chapter ‹_n_› happens, the
chapter counter is stepped, and all the dependent counters are set
How would you do that for yourself? You might want to number
algorithms per section, or corollaries per theorem, for example. If
you're defining these things by hand, you declare the relationship
when you define the counter in the first place:
says that every time counter ‹master› is stepped, counter
‹new-name› will be reset.
But what if you have an uncooperative package, that defines the objects for you, but doesn't provide a programmer interface to make the counters behave as you want?
\newcounter command uses a LaTeX internal command, and you
can also use it:
(but remember that it needs to be between
\makeatother, or in a package of your own).
The chngcntr package encapsulates the
command into a command
will make the corollary counter slave to theorem counters. The command without its asterisk:
will do the same, and also redefine
‹theorem number›.‹corollary number›, which is a good scheme
if you ever want to refer to the corollaries - there are potentially
many “corollary 1” in any document, so it's as well to tie its number
to the counter of the theorem it belongs to. This is true of pretty
much any such counter-within-another; if you're not using the
chngcntr, refer to the answer to
redefining counters' `\the-`commands for
the necessary techniques.
The 2018 LaTeX release adopted the chngcntr
commands into the format, so
are now directly available without requiring a package.
Note that the technique doesn't work if the master counter is
the number of the current page. The
page counter is stepped deep
inside the output routine, which usually gets called some time after
the text for the new page has started to appear: so special
techniques are required to deal with that. One special case is dealt
with elsewhere: footnotes numbered per page. One
of the techniques described there, using package perpage,
may be applied to any counter. The command:
will cause ‹counter› to be reset for each page. The package uses
a label-like mechanism, and may require more than one run of LaTeX
to stabilise counter values - LaTeX will generate the usual
warnings about labels changing.